Vision Therapy Research
Only patients in the vision therapy/orthoptics group demonstrated statistically and clinically significant changes in the near point of convergence and positive fusional vergence at near. Patients in all three treatment arms demonstrated statistically significant improvement in symptoms with 42% in office-based vision therapy/orthoptics, 31% in office-based placebo vision therapy/orthoptics, and 20% in home-based pencil pushups achieving a score <21 (our predetermined criteria for elimination of symptoms) at the 12-week visit.
Additional Studies on Vision Therapy, Behavioural Optometry, & Neuroplasticity
Maino, D. (2010) Editorial: The Binocular Vision Dysfunction Pandemic: Optometry and Vision Development. 41(1): 6-13.
Montes-Micro, R. (2001) Prevalence of General Dysfunctions in Binocular Vision: Annals of Opthalmology. 33(3): 205-208.
Young B, Collier-Gorg K, Schwing S. (1994) Visual Factors – A Primary Cause of Failure in Beginning Reading: Journal of Vision Development. 32(1): 58-71.
Borsting, E et al. (2012) Improvement in Academic Behaviors Following Successful Treatment of Convergence Insufficiency. Optom Vis Sci. January ; 89(1): 12–18.
Pearce KL, Sufrinko A, Lau BC, Henry L, Collins MW, Kontos AP. Near point of convergence after a sport-related concussion: measurement reliability and relationship to neurocognitive impairment and symptoms. Am J Sports Med. 2015 Dec;43(12):3055-61.
Gallaway M, Scheiman M, Mitchell GL. Vision therapy for post-concussion vision disorders. Optom Vis Sci. 2017 Jan;94(1):68-73.
Padula WV, Argyris S. Post trauma vision syndrome and visual midline shift syndrome. NeuroRehabilitation. 1996; 6(3):165-71.
CITT Study Group (2008). A Randomized Clinical Trial of Treatments for Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children. Archives of Ophthalmology. 126(10), 1336-1349.
Barnett BP, Singman EL; Vision concerns after mild traumatic brain injury. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2015 Feb; 17(2):329.
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Padula WV, et al.: Visual evoked potentials (VEP) evaluating treatment for post-trauma vision syndrome (PTVS) in patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBI); Brain Inj. 1994 Feb-Mar;8(2): 125-33.
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Yadav NK & Ciuffreda KJ; Effect of binasal occlusion (BNO) and base-in prisms on the visual-evoked potential (VEP) in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), Brain Inj, 2014; 28(12): 1568-1580.